ECE 590SIP, Fall 2020

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Autosegmental Neural Nets: Should Phones and Tones be Synchronous or Asynchronous?

Jialu Li, September 21, 2020, 4:30-5:00pm CDT

Phones, the segmental units of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), are used for lexical distinctions in most human languages; Tones, the suprasegmental units of the IPA, are used in perhaps 70%. Many previous studies have explored cross-lingual adaptation of automatic speech recognition(ASR) phone models, but few have explored the multilingual and cross-lingual transfer of synchronization between phones and tones. In this paper, we test four Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC)-based acoustic models, differing in the degree of synchrony they impose between phones and tones. Models are trained and tested multilingually in three languages, then adapted and tested cross-lingually in a fourth. Both synchronous and asynchronous models are effective in both multi-lingual and cross-lingual settings. Synchronous models achieve lower error rate in the joint phone+tone tier, but asynchronous training results in lower tone error rate.

Link to the paper